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o       Media are:

·        well-cured wood:

§         in Germany – boards cut from beams of torn-down or destroyed churches, old boards from barns and barrels

§         in US – one to three hundred year old shutters and doors (Mesquite, Oak) coming from Mexico, and oak barrels from the South

·        bone glue and substitutes (for boards and linen)

·        linen or calico (at times very fine cotton)

·        primer or base (imported)

·        paints (all imported, some self-mixed, some as produced by specialty companies) based on:

§         casein

§         casein substitutes

·        varnishes (several layers) imported

o       Saints are painted after so-called “podlinniks” and drawings of Orthodox origin (Russian, Serbian and other Eastern countries), most are painted as closely as possible to described originals, Orthodox requirements are followed 

o       Icons are often antiqued to give them an old look of family heirlooms

My Influences:

o       Born in Glogowek (Oberglogau), Upper Silesia – 1937

o       Spent many hours in local churches and chapels admiring Christian art

o       Exposed to Russian Orthodox Art in Gliwice (Gleiwitz) by paternal Grandmother (early 1940’s)

o       Early attempts at drawing and watercolors with “uncle” Bodo Zimmermann in early 1940’s in Glogowek

o       Altar boy in exiled orthodox church in late forties, assisted in cleaning and preserving Russian original icons that were partially damaged during WW II

o       Gypsy reading palm calls him “Madonnenmaler” (Painter of Madonna’s) in 1948

o       Time spent in Benedictine and Cistercian Monasteries

o       Training in drawing, oils, water colors in German high school under Professors Neubauer and Henneberger, a specialist in Dutch Tafelmalerei during late 1940’s and 1950’s – painted first icons

o       During 1960’s, drawings and water colors, some oils, few icons, mostly Madonna’s

o       Early 1970’s exposure to painting monks, immigrants from Russia, and starts to specializes in restoration “old” paintings, mostly damaged during WW II

o       Concentrates on icons, miniatures and large ones, some  (especially travel icons) are acquire by visitors from Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc during exhibitions in Germany

o       Follows tradition of Russian icon painters – icons are not signed as he accepts that “the pictured Saint guides the hand of the painter”

o       Samples of Retablo Art are added

o       Icons are in homes, hospitals, churches